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Characterization of TEMPO-oxidized chitin nanofibers with various oxidation times and its application as an enzyme immobilization support

  • Corresponding author: Xiangzhao Mao, xzhmao@ouc.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2019-12-13
    Fund Project:

    This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (no. 2019YFD0901902), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31922072), China Agriculture Research System (CARS-48), Taishan Scholar Project of Shandong Province (tsqn201812020).

  • Chitin nanofibers have recently received increased attention and are considered to be a promising material for a wide range of applications because of their excellent characteristics. In this study, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-oxidized chitin nanofibers (CNFs) with various oxidation times were prepared and characterized. CNFs with different oxidation times were then utilized for enzyme immobilization, using chymotrypsin as a model enzyme. The effects of oxidation time on enzyme immobilization were explored. Results showed characteristics of chitin nanofibers can be controlled by adjusting oxidation time. CNFs treated with TEMPO for 360 min showed the lowest crystallinity (79.13 ± 1.43%), the shortest length (241.70 ± 74.61 nm), the largest width (12.67 ± 3.43 nm), and the highest transmittance (73.01% at 800 nm). The activity of immobilized enzymes and enzyme loading showed good correlation to the carboxylate content of CNFs. The enzyme eiciency based on CNFs and the content of carboxylate groups peaked at the oxidization time of 60 min. When the additional amount of chymotrypsins (CTs) was 500 or 2000 mg/g carrier, the highest loading amount of CTs was 307.17 ± 4.08 or 726.82 ± 12.05 mg/g carrier, respectively.
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Characterization of TEMPO-oxidized chitin nanofibers with various oxidation times and its application as an enzyme immobilization support

    Corresponding author: Xiangzhao Mao, xzhmao@ouc.edu.cn
  • 1 College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
  • 2 Laboratory for Marine Drugs and Bioproducts of Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266200, China
Fund Project:  This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (no. 2019YFD0901902), National Natural Science Foundation of China (31922072), China Agriculture Research System (CARS-48), Taishan Scholar Project of Shandong Province (tsqn201812020).

Abstract: Chitin nanofibers have recently received increased attention and are considered to be a promising material for a wide range of applications because of their excellent characteristics. In this study, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-oxidized chitin nanofibers (CNFs) with various oxidation times were prepared and characterized. CNFs with different oxidation times were then utilized for enzyme immobilization, using chymotrypsin as a model enzyme. The effects of oxidation time on enzyme immobilization were explored. Results showed characteristics of chitin nanofibers can be controlled by adjusting oxidation time. CNFs treated with TEMPO for 360 min showed the lowest crystallinity (79.13 ± 1.43%), the shortest length (241.70 ± 74.61 nm), the largest width (12.67 ± 3.43 nm), and the highest transmittance (73.01% at 800 nm). The activity of immobilized enzymes and enzyme loading showed good correlation to the carboxylate content of CNFs. The enzyme eiciency based on CNFs and the content of carboxylate groups peaked at the oxidization time of 60 min. When the additional amount of chymotrypsins (CTs) was 500 or 2000 mg/g carrier, the highest loading amount of CTs was 307.17 ± 4.08 or 726.82 ± 12.05 mg/g carrier, respectively.

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